Monday, January 20, 2020
Bitter Sweet Symphony by Erin Flannery True, it was a hard decision when I was decided which of my classmatesÃ papers to choose as Ã ¬the one.Ã ® I considered a question when trying to decide. I asked myself, Ã ¬What purpose this time capsule will serve?Ã ® My answer told me that the song inside this time capsule must be one that can still teach a message while telling the future generation something about our time. I believe the culmination to this answer was found in Erin FlanneryÃ s Ã ¬Bitter Sweet Symphony.Ã ® The title is fairly self-explanatory when it refers to the word bittersweet. That is what life is. We canÃ t expect only the good or the bad. Life is a heterogeneous mixture of both. Yet this mixture comes together in a harmonious conglomerate that is altogether something beautiful. We have the chance to give the future generation a gift. We can give them the answers before they encounter the questions. We can give the help theyÃ ll need before they need it. No oneÃ s perfect when dealing with life. WeÃ re only here for a short time, why not make it the best time you can? Life throws things at people and one has to be able to cope and learn to solve them as best as they can. As Rolling Stone eloquently put it, Ã ¬the lyrics address the need to cope (Wiederhorn).Ã ® In life, people are going to encounter problems no matter how hard they try to get around them. This song recognizes that fact and addresses it. The truth seems hard to come by these days. In my life, it is something I strive to give and receive. ThereÃ s no telling how many times one person has been lied to. LetÃ s just not mention that whole Lewinsky thing. Ã ¬Bittersweet SymphonyÃ ® donates the truth to the future. No sugarcoating or hiding of facts takes place. T he lyrics say, Ã ¬try to make ends meet youÃ re a slave to money then you die . . .Ã ® As life is, the song is inclusive of the good and the bad. Without the bad, how would we know of the good and vice versa? This common thread of truth connects us and the future.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The influence of journalism and newspaper on the public sphere Habermas developed the concept of the public sphere to mean that part of life, especially in social circles, where the population can exchange opinions on issues of significance to the common good, so as to form a public opinion. This public sphere is expressed when people gather together to debate issues that are with a political base. Habermas' effort rely on a characteristic historical moment when coffee houses, salons, and societies became the place of discussions during the 17th and 18th centuries and extends this phenomenon to an ideal of participation in the public sphere for today (Mayhew, 1997). The significance of the notion of public sphere lies in the process of debate, which must be modeled to a critical and rational discussion. That is to say that the discussion has rules where emotive language is avoided and focus is laid on the rationality of the contents being debated. The contributors are supposed to have a common attention in truth with no status differentials. Criticism is one component that is considered vital in this process such that the propositions are tested and the contributors or participants can make discovery through the process (Mayhew, 1997). Properties of journalism/newspapers that allowed a public sphere to emerge The media has played a critical role in the emergence of the public sphere. To start with, the press has a wide reach which allows more public participation. Sine early times, the newspaper journalism highlighted political controversies and development. The development of the newspaper in the 17th century was seen as an emergence of a critical organ of a public involved in vital political debate. The recent media has developed to the extent of commodifying news. In addition, publishers in early time took sides with loyalist or patriots. The news brought more controversy and kept the public informed of the political happenings. The editors more often than not created a sphere for political discussions. Changes to journalistic field and the newspapers that present the greatest challenges to a democratic public sphere The emergence of the mass press is based on the commercialization of the participation of the masses in the public sphere. As a result, this Ã¢â¬ËextendedÃ¢â¬â¢ public sphere lost much of its original political touch giving way to entertainment and commercialism. The role of newspapers as a traditional media has become increasingly problematic in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s democracy. The gap between the democracy ideology and its practice is so conspicuous. The mass communication is lacking credibility in furtherance of democratic ideals. Many theorists have pointed out that newspaper and other journalistic channels separate people from one another and substitute themselves for older places of politics The newspaper has become active participants in the political process through their role in publicity, instead of reporting on the process itself. Furthermore the newspaper has become fundamental to political life. Political participants are required to regularly update with the media's requirement and plan their exposure actively; failure to do so they tend to fall quickly out of favor. Moreover, the lousy Ã¢â¬Å"media performersÃ¢â¬ assume the same failure. Public debates on television and the discussion columns in newspapers present little aspect of a critical-rational debate. (Thomson, 1995) Plebiscites, research in public opinion and opinion management do not provide a potential for democracy; they are adjunct to public administration rather than a true public discussion. That is they do not present a chance for discursive opinion formation. Manipulation of events is used to provide utmost televisual effects. Debates are modeled such that the extreme opinions clash in order to attain maximum impact and increase ratings. Elsewhere, there is little contribution in regard to the development of discursive public opinion or will. The choice of topics reflects the inclination to proprietal and commercial interests. Television programs that allow audience participation are directed to groups that are not significance for the public view. However, this admission does not guarantee any changes in the power structures within the society. So these programs provide just an illusion of involvement which arouses a feeling in the public that their democratic rights are exercised. As a result of the shifting communications environment, the public sphere is revealed as a platform for advertising. In the process, this realization has invaded the process of public opinion by methodically exploiting or creating news events that draw attention. Aspects of the current media system that present the greatest opportunity for the continuation or renewal of the public sphere The efforts to salvage the public sphere centre on making publicity a basis of logical consensus formation other than controlling popular opinion (Benson & Neveu, 2005). Traditional media can add into democratic functions through action as an agent of representation. The media should be organized to tolerate different social groups to articulate their outlook. In addition, the media should aid organizations to get support through publicity of impending causes and protests. That is the media should help these organizations operate as representatives medium of the supporters view. Presently, the internet presents a great opportunity to many of the things aforementioned. It has the capacity to extend participative democracy in a revitalized public sphere. The structure of the internet eliminates control by the conglomerate media organization. Many more people have access to internet opportunities and debate for the formation of political will. As well, the commodification of the internet is inevitable. However, the traditional media have vast resources and established audiences. The resources include money, expertise, research materials, and photographs while the audience is often willing to accept what they publish. (Mayhew, 1997) Conclusion A public opinion can only be formed if there is existence of a public that engages in rational discussion. The public opinion is a critical authority that balances social and political power and publicity can manipulate it so as to support products, programs, people and institutions. However, there has been a deterioration of the public a phenomenon which is fuelled primarily by publicists (Thomson, 1995). A person's individual point of view when solicited does not comprise the public sphere, since it include a process of opinion formation; for instance, a public opinion poll. Over the years, the notion of the public sphere has been used and linked to matters in media theory which include consumerism and commodification, culture and media ownership, surveillance and participative democracy, and desecration by public relations practitioners, virtual communities mapping, globalization and journalism in the future. The public sphere is still functional, although it is not and will not be the same. Its future lies within the digital media especially with the emergence of the internet phenomenon. (Thomson, 1995) References: Benson R. & Neveu, E (2005): Introduction: Field Theory as a work in progress. Pp1-25 Thomson, J.B. (1995): Advertising, public relations, and the problem of strategic communication, Media and Modernity. Pp119-148 Mayhew, L.H. (1997): The new public. Pp 189-235. New York: Cambridge University Press Thomson, J.B. (1995): Media and the development of modern society, Media and Modernity. Pp 1-80
Saturday, January 4, 2020
One of the simplest compounds that have been found on this earth is in jeopardy. A compound made up of two hydrogen molecules and an oxygen molecule is at risk in our society. The compound that is at risk is water, a resource that keeps people alive, not only from rehydration, but from food growth stimulation, and production of necessary minerals. While a person can live 21 days without food, it only takes three days to perish from insufficient water loss. With the amount of waste being dumped into rivers and improperly discarded the amount of clean drinking water is at an all-time low. It is disheartening to hear about the local peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ suffering from contaminated water, and makes people wonder what heads of well renowned religious groups would do to help. For example, Native American culture and its role in South Africa, to take part in such a serious issue, and how they would help alter the course that the world is spiraling down into the future. The pollution of water no t only affects the people, but other organisms and habitats as well. The dumping of insecticides and other chemicals from industrial, agricultural, and settlements in this region causes the damage. These all have raised a major concern. This environmental concern is taking place in South Africa, more specifically places like the Rietvlei nature reserve, Crocodile West and Marico water management area, and Western Cape River to name a few. These places are hot spots for not only human population, butShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Water Pollution On South Africa Essay1818 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswater pollution crisis in South Africa. Water pollution has been an issue in many countries in sub-Saharan African countries including south Africa. Researchers and environmental scientists are all aware of the impacts this issue has on the South African population. Many of them have conducted research yield to different findings. The purpose of this literature review is to analyses the similari ties and differences from various research conducted on the subjects of water population in South AfricaRead MoreSouth Africa: The Vaal Triangle1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Vaal Triangle The Vaal Triangle is made up of the complex industrial towns: Sasolburg and Vereeniging and Vanderbijlpark. This triangle of industry is situated in the Highveld region of South Africa; it is estimated to be above 1500m above sea level in altitude and inhabits more than one million inhabitants. The Vaal Triangle consists of 6 racial townships which are located near the towns (due to Apartheid) for example: Boipatong, Bophelong, Sebokeng and Sharpeville. Sharpeville The townshipRead MoreThe Gold Mining Industry in South Africa Essay1011 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGold mining in South Africa has a large impact on the environment, the economy and social structure in South Africa. The environmental impact of gold mining on the environment includes water, air and noise pollution. The mining industry in South Africa is one of the largest in the world. It provides jobs for hundreds of thousands of people in the mining industry alone. The mining industry also indirectly provides jobs for about 400 000 with the goods and services that the mines require to run successfullyRead MoreAll Organisms Depend on Their Environment646 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesenvironments within South Africa has deteriorated as a result of immense increases in environmental pollution. Pollution causes adverse changes to natural environments, by changing the natural biogeochemical cycles. Most environmental pollutants are a result of human doings and should be recognized and resolved. Po llution is not only a probel min South Africa as is a global dilemma (Fitamo et al., 2011; Jalali and Dayani, 2002). The biosphere has radically increased in pollution since the start ofRead MoreEssay on Low Health Expectancy1034 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesperson is expected to live in full health. This essay will argue that the main factors which contributes to low health expectancy in developing countries are malnutrition and environmental pollution and the possible solutions to this problem is eradicating poverty, improving health services and education on pollution and other substitutions to cooking with traditional stoves. The first main factor that contributes to low health expectancy in developing countries is malnutrition. According to NHSRead MoreWhat is Hydraulic Fracking?1027 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHydraulic Fracking is a big epidemic in South Africa, Karoo. The Karoo is at risk of contamination of ground water and in possible danger of losing its indigenous ecosystem. The effects of fracking are not only detrimental to the environment but also to the communities around the Karoo. Due to Fracking the air, water and agricultural land are polluted and contaminated and all these factors have a direct impact on the people around the Karoo area and other South African provinces. What is HydraulicRead MoreWater Pollution Of South Africa Essay2116 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageswitnessed an ongoing water pollution crisis in South Africa. Water pollution has been an issue in many sub-Saharan African countries, including South Africa. There are various reasons why South Africa currently has a water pollution problem. Some of perceived causes of water pollution in this sub-Saharan nation include: Urbanization, Industrialization, and climate change. Researchers and environmental scientists are all aware of the causes and impacts this issue has on the South African population. ManyRead MorePositive and Negative Effects of Tourism in Africa864 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe effects of tourism in Africa Ever since the ability to travel over vast amounts of distances around the world became easier with the use of innovative marvels such as the aeroplane, tourism started to grow in certain countries that had enough places of interest. Africa offered much that cannot be seen anywhere else in the world; from the ancient pyramids of Giza to the spectacular wildlife migration in the Serengeti. Tourist from around the world would pay a lot of money to see and be a partRead MoreFarming Methods And Food Crisis Essay1623 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthat suits their climate, and a method that can meet their populationÃ¢â¬â¢s food demands. Farming methods are needed in order to meet the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s future food demands, farming methods negatively affects the environment for instance, through pollution; water and air pollution (Guerci, et al 2013). In order to stop these negative influences farming methods bring on the environment, farmers should innovate new methods of farming that are environmental friendly, for instance; community garden, village farming
Friday, December 27, 2019
How suspense is built up in Ã¢â¬ËDr Jekyll and Mr HydeÃ¢â¬â¢ by Robert Louis Stevenson Robert Louis Stevenson was born on the 13th November 1850. He wrote Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde in 1886, with that 40,000 copies of the book were sold in the first six months. This was designed to mirror the Victorian secret and based on good and evil. Stevenson later died in 1894 in Samoa. Stevenson used the contemporary setting of Victorian London to write his gothic horror novel. The streets with the gas lamps were the perfect setting following the true horrific stories of Jack the Ripper. He refers to Mr Hyde well as he wanders the streets of London not knowing who heÃ¢â¬â¢s going to meet. The elements in gothic horror include irony, movement, time, senses, horrificÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦More clues are revealed to everyone over the book for example, Dr LanyonÃ¢â¬â¢s letter tells people some shocking facts about Dr Jekyll and that is when people start to suspect things. At the end of the book, Dr Jekyll retells the whole story in a narrative style which explains everything about Jekyll and Hyde and that Jekyll would kill himself after he wrote the letter. That is when the book ends. This shows how suspense is built up. Stevenson sets the scene and creates the mood in the book, from the very beginning; he does this by using the devices of gothic horror. He uses zoom lens a lot in the third to last chapter. Ã¢â¬ËThe last nightÃ¢â¬â¢; it goes into heavy detail about the Laboratory and the surroundings of it. Ã¢â¬ËThe candle was set upon the nearest tableÃ¢â¬â¢ creates a picture in the readers mind about all the visual aids in the area. He describes it so well; you could almost go into the Laboratory and navigate yourself around it with great ease. This shows how suspense is built up. Ã¢â¬ËThat eveningÃ¢â¬â¢ refers to time phrases. I think is what makes the book so well and so popular. This also makes the book flow so well, so the reader can understand the book well enough to keep reading without getting lost. It also helps the reader visualise the time of day it is, so that refers to zoom lens again. This shows how suspense is built up. At the very beginning of the book Utterson is introduced as this sort of boring, quiet man Ã¢â¬Å"cold,Show MoreRelatedEssay on Suspense and Horror in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde2192 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesHow does Stevenson create an atmosphere of suspense and horror in Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde? Why was this so significant at the time it was written? In the book Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Robert Louis Stevenson truly proves himself as a wonderful writer. Throughout the story he keeps a huge sense of suspense and horror, capturing the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s interest and making them want to read on. From just the first paragraph he has gained the readers interest and pulled them into the plot of the story.Read MoreEssay about Tension and Suspense in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde2269 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesHow effective is the setting in creating tension and suspense in StevensonÃ¢â¬â¢s works? Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a novella about a scientist who experiments with the morals of good and evil. He then decides to try to separate these elements and difficulties arise with this. This novella concerns how one individual has conflicting emotions that are both good and evil. Dr Jekyll tries to make one-person Ã¢â¬ËwhollyÃ¢â¬â¢ good and another Ã¢â¬ËwhollyÃ¢â¬â¢ evil, but his experiments become quite dangerous. Ã¢â¬ËTheRead MoreAn Atmosphere of Mystery and Suspense in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde1352 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAn Atmosphere of Mystery and Suspense in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde During the Nineteenth century, horror stories were getting more popular than ever. Several distinctive horror stories, like Dracula, Frankenstein and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are still known today. These stories were not set in busy countries, but written as happening in Transylvania, Switzerland, the Arctic, and other far away and little known countries. The setting links to some peculiarRead More How Stevenson Builds Suspense and Tension in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde1137 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHow Stevenson Builds Suspense and Tension in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde After thoroughly examining the question at hand. I have understood that I should comment on at least three episodes of the novel and clearly stress out how the writer built up the suspense and tension of the story. However I am going to look at techniques such as using shot quotations and not being to repetitive. The episodes l am going to be explaining are the incident of the letter, the remarkable incident of Dr LanyonRead MoreHow Robert Louis Stevenson Builds and Maintains a Sense of Mystery and Suspense in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHow Robert Louis Stevenson Builds and Maintains a Sense of Mystery and Suspense in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde Robert Louis Stevenson wrote Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde in 1886 after waking from a dream in which he recalled a fine bogy tale. The book was published in the same year and its likes had never been seen before. It gave a chilling insight into the murky depths of both experimental science and the duality of the human mind. These two fields of study were both in their infancyRead MoreHow does R. L. Stevenson create suspense in The Last Night chapter of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde?2039 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesRobert Louis Stevensons Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a gothic novel in many of its aspects, but one of the most important reasons is that there is constant building of suspense. There are many ways that this is done: through his characters, through his vocabulary, the setting and even through the origins of the character of Hyde. Stevenson created the character of Utterson as a neutral base for the whole story; much like the table on which the dinner is served. But in the chapter of The Last NightRead MoreDr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde Essay722 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEnglish Essay (Prompt 3) Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, created by famous writer R. L. Stevenson, can be considered one of the most famous 19th century novella in the whole world. The author used quite a lot of diversified skills to create an ambience of suspense and mystery. The perspective of narrative used from Mr. Utterson is one of them. First of all, the usage of the perspective of Mr. Utterson draws out the Ã¢â¬ËsuspenseÃ¢â¬â¢ element because he is not actually omniscient. The readers can only decipherRead MoreThe Strange Case Of Dr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde1035 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHyde-ing In Plain Sight: The Duality of Dr. Jekyll Robert Louis Stevenson s initial notoriety came as an avatar of expansive adventure fiction, most famously through 1883 s Treasure Island. Just three years later, however, he would cement his status as one of the 19th century s most popular and versatile writers by releasing the horror suspense novel, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. It s a testament to Stevenson s concept of the duality of man-- the pious intellectual and the wantonRead MoreDr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde1019 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDr. Jekyll and Mary Reilly Robert Louis Stevenson established himself as one of the masters of adventure novels in English literature. His skills as a suspenseful storyteller can be seen in his 1886 novel The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Stevenson tells the story of the Dr. Jekyll and his murderous alter ego Mr. Hyde, through the eyes of Dr. JekyllÃ¢â¬â¢s lawyer Mr. Utterson. Valerie MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s Mary Reilly tells the story of Jekyll and Hyde, but through a very different set of eyes. MartinÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreHow Does the Use of Setting and Imagery Affect the Readers Understanding of Dr. Jekll and Mr Hide?1190 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Robert Louis Stephensons masterpiece, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) symbolizes Hyde as a representative of the specific Victorian anxieties. He is seen as the ugly, deformed, apelike, but also reflecting Victorian fears about Darwinian evolution theories of humanitys deform from ape, and fears the newly enfranchised working classes. This essay will explore the function of the narrative which helps the readers to perceive the meaning of the narrative. It will do so in terms
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Introduction Sexism is an ideology that one sex is superior to others, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s generally referred to males superior to females. Sexism is defines as discrimination against people based on their sex or gender, be it males toward females or vise versa. Sexism occurs in almost everywhere in the world, its worldwide issues that have been happening all the time, until today, although the issues like sexism have been decreased gradually. The issues is very important because its unfair to the women in this society we are live in today, it is not like back at 1940s where women have to stay home to cook, clean, and look after the kids while the men go to work. The woman today have the authority to vote, and getting jobs that are usuallyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Now that we understand the gender role of male and female, we can make the assumption that sexism appear as soon as the civilization begun in earth. Like we mentioned earlier, sexism generally refer to male superior than f emale, and from the gender role, we can see that it is a fact that it has been unfair for female ever since. How can we avoid or prevent sexism under such unfair expectation of society? Now let us take look at how three major societys perspective on the issues. Functionalist perspective Functionalist perspective believe that the difference in gender helps maintain the stability of society. And below is two main viewpoint of functionalist perspective which focus on male and female. I. Instrumentality Instrumentality tells that a man should focus more on a task toward society, future goal. It is mans responsible to go earn a living for his family, and bring greater contribution to the family. II. Expressiveness Females is responsible for maintaining the harmony and internal emotion of the family. She took care of all affairs happen in the family, and its her responsibility that every members of the family live in healthy way. From functionalist view point, gender differences contribute to social stability and integration. Women and men perform their tasks for which they are biologically best suited (Elshtain 1987). Example, women should concentrate on domestic and family responsibility while men workShow MoreRelatedBenevolence Sexism And Its Impact On Women s Accomplishments1433 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Ideologies surrounding benevolence sexism are constructed on a basis of doubt; for instance a woman being appraised for her accomplishments, while highlighting the disbelief that she can accomplish that specific task. Benevolence sexism gives rise to positive attitude towards womenÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishments, while placing a gender gap on what they are able to accomplish, when compared to men. According to, Viki Abrams (2002), Benevolent sexism is any form of expressive acts that are discriminatoryRead MorePerceptions of the Inferior Gender768 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPerceptions of the Inferior Gender Gender inequality refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. Many women who have encountered discrimination will be the victim of loss of income and loss of opportunity to their own detriment. An alternative to being the target of continuous discrimination is to speak up. I have worked in the IT field for 13 years. I have been sexually harassed, the target of countless gender role discrimination and have experienced the motherhoodRead MoreEssay on Examples of Hostile Sexism702 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesis because of ambivalent sexism. There are two different types of ambivalent sexism: hostile and benevolent. A Hostile sexist is someone who as combative and antagonistic view towards a woman. He believes that women are trying to gain control over men using feministic views and their sexuality (which they are threatened by). Examples of hostile sexism: Ã¢â¬Å"Women do not appreciate everything that men do for themÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"Women use sex to g ain power over menÃ¢â¬ . Hostile sexism punishes women who do notRead MoreJapanese culture is one of the most well appreciated yet, sometimes intriguing and difficult to1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthere, touches several important themes found throughout the book in relation to sexism. By the use of imagery, Mishima exposes the subtle sexism apparent on the island of Uta-Jima based on gender roles, stereotypes and religious ideologies to distinguish the role of men and women within Japanese culture. Mishima portrays gender roles to distinguish the role men and women had in the island of Uta-Jima. Gender roles become apparent as the novel progresses because Shinji is looking for a woman of beautyRead MoreInequality Between Men And Women1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesUniversity System Mrs. Decter Table of Contents Introduction 3 Defining Ã¢â¬Å"Social ProblemÃ¢â¬ 3 Explaining Sociological Viewpoint 3 Chosen Social Problem Introduction 3 Thesis 3 Defining Sexism 3 Why is it a social problem? 3-4 Statistics 4 Identifying and Defining Four Concepts Related to Sexism 4-5 How is this problem being addressed? 5 Conclusion 6 ReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 7 Social problems have always been a part of society. AlthoughRead MoreGender Roles in the United States842 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThroughout history, women have been regarded as of lesser value than men particularly in the public sphere. This is the result of gender stratification. Gender stratification refers to the issue of sexism, Ã¢â¬Å"or the belief that one sex is superior to the otherÃ¢â¬ (Carl et al., 2012, p. 78). The theory that men are superior to women is essential to sexism. Sexism has always had negative consequences for women. It has caused some women to avoid pursuing successful careers typically described as Ã¢â¬Å"masculineÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âperhapsRead MoreThe Problem Of Gender Sexism1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesin this world, such as the group of women. The problem of gender sexism exists from the beginning of the history and still continues in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. Women are still inferior to men in my country, whether from family and job status, social position and political views, women are treated unequal and disrespectful, therefore, this problem needs more abundant attention. Ã¢â¬Å"Sexism, like many forms of prejudice, only survives in a traditional environments and this is how it continues in ChinaÃ¢â¬ from All-ChinaRead MoreThe Little Mermaid : A Sociological Idea Essay947 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGender is a sociological idea, in which it is not based on biology. While there is some biological differences between the sexes, the Ã¢â¬Å"meaningÃ¢â¬ of being male or female is based on social norms. Like race, these Ã¢â¬Å"biologicalÃ¢â¬ differences provided a system of enabling inequality between the sexes. History offers many examples of the gender norms over time. Women, for centuries, are few as the homemakers and often viewed as intelligent. Despite living in the twentieth century with greater equality, oneRead MoreThe Mainstream Media And Gender Inequality Essay1517 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesreceived a quite a large amount of medi a coverage in history, throughout the years, and currently, is gender inequality. Specifically, the issue of women being stereotyped into traditional Ã¢â¬Å"homeÃ¢â¬ roles and not being able to join the work force or, rather, being pressured not to attempt to join. This particular issue has definitely lost much of its ammunition with the breaking of traditional gender roles in the past few decades, the successes of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s movements and the overall national attitudes. HoweverRead MoreThe Women s Movement And The Development Of Feminism Essay1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThroughout history, gender roles have been pressured on humans by society from the moment that they enter the world. Traditional gender roles of what is considered Ã¢â¬Å"masculineÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"feminineÃ¢â¬ make it hard for people to live with who do not portray these certain characteristics. Not only does society limit human identity but their sense of self worth as well. For hundreds of years, people have been raised to live in a certain gender role based on the genitalia they were born with. For example, women
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Question: Discuss About The African Journal Of Political International? Answer: Introduction Ethnocentrism is closely related to cultural relativism (refer to link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9imf2B_u_jI). It is the practice of comparing ones one cultural practices with those of others (Van der Geest, 2014). It is basically meant to judge others culture by comparing by the values and standards of ones own culture (refer to link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-S-lQH9Fpg). The ethnocentric individuals automatically find their culture as superior and others culture as inferior. The basis for the judgement is generally religion, behaviour, language and custom. The main purpose of the distinctions and subdivision is to define the unique cultural identity of each ethnicity. The words Ethnocentrism itself means grouping of a culture to the centre. It is a means by virtue of which people believe that they have been granted the highest position not only among the people of present condition but also in comparison to the people belonging to the history. The term was composed by Ludwig Gumplowicz and later was further employed by William G. Sumner. It was characterised as leading to the belief of superiority of ones culture and contempt of the other. It often leads to pride and vanity among the members of the particular group. Ethnocentrism is considered as the major reason for the division among the members belonging to different groups, religion, races or ethnicity in a particular society (Clayton, 2014). It is a global human reaction which is found not only in societies but also in all individuals. This characteristic is learnt by the individuals as they grow up and is not inborn. Ethnocentric individuals generally have the tendency of giving superiority to ones culture in terms of religion, language and behaviour (refer to link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nevjyUjhfsE). Ethnocentrism is generally meant to maintain those orders which are not social but more apparent. It discourages change but negatively provides continuance of the particular status (Cargile Bolkan, 2013). Ethnocentric individuals believe that the culture followed by them is the best and when they interact with the people of other culture they find that those cultures and traditions are not appropriate. This leads to hindrance in adopting and understanding the culture of other groups. It also incorporates the feeling of hostility, suspicion and disdain (Njoroge Kirori, 2014). Ethnocentrism may be subtle or it may be overt. However, in human psychology it is generally taken as a negative connotation. Ethnocentric individuals have a belief that their culture is better than other cultures and the reason for such belief is based only on the heritage that they possess. Moreover, these believes gives rise to racism and prejudice among the people of other culture (Maxwell Parent, 2013). It often leads to conflict among different culture which leads to social change and ethnocentrism acts as a vehicle for promoting such changes. It occurs not only in local levels but also in political level. Ethnocentrism has positive as well as negative impacts on the society (refer to link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WUabgCxFnjs). The positive effect includes encouraging the solidarity in the society as well as in groups and in the long run builds stronger co-operation among the members of the society (Ridzuan, 2016). It also creates a sense of belonging among the group members and provides protection to them. However, it limits an individual to only the group to which he/ she belongs and is unacquainted with the changes taking place in the society. Hence, people remain backward as he/ she adopts little changes. Thus, with the above discussion it is clear that ethnocentrism creates boundaries among various groups. It gets developed within an individual as he/ she grows up. The ethnocentric people tend to give superiority to their culture and condemn others culture. It also hampers the co-operation among the other groups and leads to the creation of racism and prejudice. References: Cargile, A. C., Bolkan, S. (2013). Mitigating inter-and intra-group ethnocentrism: Comparing the effects of culture knowledge, exposure, and uncertainty intolerance.International Journal of Intercultural Relations,37(3), 345-353. Clayton, P. (2014). Religion, ethnicity and colonialism as explanations of the Northern Ireland con?ict.Rethinking Northern Ireland: Culture, Ideology and Colonialism, 40. Maxwell, A., Parent, T. W. (2013). A subterranean agenda? Racial attitudes, presidential evaluations, and Tea Party membership.Race and Social Problems,5(3), 226-237. Njoroge, M. W., Kirori, G. N. (2014). Ethnocentrism: Significance and effects on Kenyan society.African Journal of Political Science and International Relations,8(9), 356. Ridzuan, a. R. B. H. (2016). Mediating effect of ethnocentrism on relationship between social networking site factors and social solidarity. Van der Geest, S. (2014). Overcoming ethnocentrism: how social science and medicine relate and should relate to one another.The Concept of Race" in Natural and Social Science", 173.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough job market Essay Example Essay Example
The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough job market Essay Example Paper The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough job market Essay Introduction The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough job market It is well known that we are in the midst of an unfathomable economic depression or otherwise the worst economic situation since the period of the great depression. Almost every organizations or companies are announcing daily about reducing employment and the unemployment level is increasing rapidly to the worst level. There is high competition in the job market so it is essential that you use the available tools so that you can achieve the position that you aspire. Now let us take some of the essential key rules of thriving into a job search in the tough job market. The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough job market Essay Body Paragraphs However, before I start giving out essential principles of successful job search, I want to present to you how I managed to get my job. When I graduated from the college nearly eight years ago, I bought a newspaper, read through the advertisement job pages and I was ever connected on the network. I kept on like this until one time I received a call from one of the biggest automotive industry. Therefore, you have to know that going through a job search is mentally exhausting. However, you should be patience because it can be sometimes frustrating and leads to rejection especially when you fail to get a job for a long time. It is essential to prepare for a job search just like the way athletes prepare for a competition. You should know that everybody is going though the same process and it is normal but eventually success comes after when you adhere to the following tips, First, use the technology for your own benefit. In the modern world, technology has become a vital tool in that one cannot do without it. Therefore, you should utilize technology as much as possible. It is good to create e-mails and subscribe for job alerts that match with your course criteria. Create blogs on the subject of your expertise area and stay connected to social networks. I am sure that you are aware of the network and even familiar with it because mostly you do research work or course work using the computer or form a group discussion. So do not go outside and forget that computer have completed their college work. It is now that you should understand that you are going to need computers more than ever. Take use of social networking. Make sure that to attend various organizational events where you can be able to meet all kinds of people and try to seek advice on job search from them. Do not get tired and feel discouraged even though they will not attend you positively. You should be patience and understand why you are out their and what you are searching for because it is through har dworking and tolerance that you can be able to achieve your goals. You should bear in mind that the purpose of attending events on different organizations is to be acquainted with the skills and grow in your networking. This will enable you to develop potential skills that will one time help you when being called for an interview (Roebuck and McKenney, 2006). You should prepare fully for an interview. I know everybody will search to get an interview but the interviews are not meant for open positions. In this point, you should now realize that social networking is crucial because you might be interviewed on what you know about the company where you have gone for an interview. Incase you had already attended the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s events you are then likely to pass your interview. Another thing you should not forget is dressing code when going for an interview. Some people tend to forget that dressing is part of an interview therefore, incase you are interviewed for a manufacturing ind ustry, be in a conservative attires. Part 2 The process I used to draft my message was that first, I had to organize the message by choosing on the essential ideas that can enable me to deliver my message. I started with prewriting my speech whereby I outlined many points. Secondly, I started writing down the crucial ideas on another draft. In addition, I had to revise on my points that can enable me to draw the attention of my audience. Lastly, I revised my points in order to ensure whether my speech met the required value. My audiences are the students who will be graduating because they are the one mostly affected especially when it comes to competition for jobs in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s job market. However, other audience may include parents and guardians who will accompany them to graduation because they are affected indirectly especially when it comes to helping their children find a job. Others may include honorable guests and lecturers who will be present in graduation day. In addit ion, business managers and others executive members from different companies or organizations who will be present will be my audience because they have knowledge about the existing job issues in the economy. My audience was displeased because of the high unemployment rates in the economy and the way I expressed my points to them. I used inductive approach by giving examples about the situation that I went through before I got a job. My audience were displeased especially students who realized that getting a job is not easy after they listened to my speech. I outlined the main ideas from the first draft and included the major points in the second draft. This is because I did not want to make long speech that could have ended boring my audience. I used inductive information sequencing approach because this is a constructivist form of passing across the information and it is more student-centered. This is because my speech aims mostly students who are ready to face the challenges of jo b market. This method is widely used because it is more experimental and it gives practical example that indicates a direction of something. I wrote the second draft because the first draft had many ideas but after proofreading, I had to choose the essential ideas that can benefit my audience. I had to revise on my points to make sure the points are correct and if they are in line with the speech that I was to present. Reference Roebuck, D. B., McKenney, M. A. (2006). Improving business communication skills. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Prentice Hall. We will write a custom essay sample on The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough job market Essay Example specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough job market Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on The Writing Process Part 1 Finding a job in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tough job market Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer